chapter 6

Question Answer
republic a type of goverment in which elected officials govern the state
patricians elected officials from aristocratic families in the roman republic
plebeians nonaristocrats in the roman republic
veto rejection of harmful or unjust laws
forum central square in rome
constitution roman political structure that created new offices
senate perceiving or perceived by the senses.
consuls one of the two annually elected chief magistrates who jointly ruled the republic.
dictator a ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force.
gracchi were Romans who both served as tribunes in the late 2nd century BC. They attempted to pass land reform legislation that would redistribute the major aristocratic landholdings among the urban poor and veterans, in addition to other reform measures.
gaius marius known commonly as Sulla, was a Roman general and statesman. He had the distinction of holding the office of consul twice,
lucius cornelius was a Roman general and statesman. He had the distinction of holding the office of consul twice, as well as reviving the dictatorship
julius caesar was a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
triumvirate a group of three men holding power, in particular
augustus founder of the Roman Principate and considered the first Roman emperor, controlling the Roman Empire from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
pax romana long period of relative peacefulness and minimal expansion by the Roman military force experienced by the Roman Empire after the end of the Final War of the Roman Republic and before
villa a large and luxurious country residence.
circus a rounded open space in a city where several streets converge.
paterfamilias the male head of a family or household.
augurs a religious official who observed natural signs, especially the behavior of birds
galen was a prominent Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire.
ptolemy was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
aqueducts to bring water into cities and towns—often from distant sources. The water supplied public baths, latrines, fountains, and private households.
latin language of ancient Rome and its empire, widely used historically as a language of scholarship and administration.
civil law the system of law concerned with private relations between members of a community rather than criminal, military, or religious affairs.
christianity the religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or its beliefs and practices.
messiah a leader or savior of a particular group or cause.
jeasus of nazareth teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth; his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity
disciples a personal follower of Jesus during his life, especially one of the twelve Apostles.
apostles each of the twelve chief disciples of Jesus Christ
martyrs 2008 French-Canadian drama horror film written and directed by Pascal Laugier
paul Ancient Christian preacher and teacher; along with the Apostle Peter, one of the foremost leaders of the early Christian Church.
eucharist the Christian ceremony commemorating the Last Supper, in which bread and wine are consecrated and consumed.
bishop a senior member of the Christian clergy, typically in charge of a diocese and empowered to confer holy orders.
pope the bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church.
inflation a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
diocletian Faced with mounting military problems, in 286 he divided the empire between himself in the east and Maximian in the west. Diocletian launched the final persecution of the Christians
attila the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453. He was also the leader of a tribal empire consisting of Huns, Ostrogoths, and Alans among others, on the territory of Central and Eastern Europe.

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