pva 7 ss5.3 vocabulary ch 5 lesson 3-4

Term Definition
constitutional convention held in May 1787 in Philadelphia's Independence Hall
constitutional convention to improve the Articles of Confederation
constitutional convention delegates leave with an entirely new U.S. Constitution
Virginia Plan the new federal constitution would give sovereignty, or supreme power, to the central government
Virginia Plan bicameral – made up of two houses, or groups of representative chosen on the basis of state population
New Jersey Plan unicameral – one house legislature; each state an equal number of votes, thus an equal voice
New Jersey Plan gov. the power to tax citizens in all states, gov. to regulate commerce
Great Compromise agreement to create a two house legislature
Three-Fifths Compromise only three-fifths of a state's slave population would count when determining representation
popular sovereignty idea that political authority belongs to the people
popular sovereignty declared this idea in the Declaration of Independence
federalism sharing of power between a central government and the states that make up a country
federalism the balance of power of the central gov. with that of the states
legislative branch congress; made up of two houses
legislative branch responsible for proposing and passing laws
executive branch includes the president
executive branch helps run the government and makes sure the laws are carried out
judicial branch made up of all the national courts
judicial branch responsible for interpreting laws, punishing criminals
check and balances keeps any branch of gov. from becoming too powerful
check and balances power to pass bills into law, president has the power to veto

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *